Uplistsikhe Cave Town: 3,000 Years Old Ancient Rock-Hewn Town

The ancient cave city may be as old as 3,000 years, and it long served as a major religious center of pre-Christian Georgia. Uplistsikhe, literally ‘Fortress of God’, then continued to thrive for nearly a millennium after the country’s conversion, ultimately meeting its demise at the hands of the Mongols in the 13th century. Archaeological excavations have revealed extraordinary artifacts dating from the late Bronze Age all the way up to the late Middle Ages.

The place was founded in the late Bronze Age, around 1000 BC, and continued to be inhabited until the 13th century AD